Alam M, Omura NE, Dover JS, Arndt KA. Glycolic acid peels compared to microdermabrasion: a right-left controlled trial of efficacy and patient satisfaction. Dermatol Surg. 2002; 28:(6)475-479

Alster TS, Graham PM. Microneedling: a review and practical guide. Dermatol Surg. 2018; 44:(3)397-404

Atiyeh BS, Abou Ghanem O, Chahine F. Microneedling: percutaneous collagen induction (PCI) therapy for management of scars and photoaged skin-scientific evidence and review of the literature. Aesthet Plast Surg. 2021; 45:(1)296-308

Aust MC, Fernandes D, Kolokythas P, Kaplan HM, Vogt PM. Percutaneous collagen induction therapy: an alternative treatment for scars, wrinkles, and skin laxity. Plast Reconstruct Surg. 2008; 121:(4)1421-1429

Bhalla M, Thami GP. Microdermabrasion: reappraisal and brief review of literature. Dermatol Surg. 2006; 32:809-814

Chu S, Foulad DP, Atanaskova Mesinkovska N. Safety profile for microneedling: a systematic review. Dermatol Surg. 2021; 47:(9)1249-1254

Cohen BE, Elbuluk N. Microneedling in skin of color: a review of uses and efficacy. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016; 74:(2)348-355

El-Domyati M, Barakat M, Awad S, Medhat W, El-Fakahany H, Farag H. Microneedling therapy for atrophic acne scars: an objective evaluation. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2015; 8:(7)36-42

El-Domyati M, Barakat M, Awad S, Medhat W, El-Fakahany H, Farag H. Multiple microneedling sessions for minimally invasive facial rejuvenation: an objective assessment. Int J Dermatol. 2015; 54:(12)1361-1369

El-Domyati M, Hosam W, Abdel-Azim E, Abdel-Wahab H, Mohamed E. Microdermabrasion: a clinical, histometric, and histopathologic study. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2016; 15:(4)503-513

Freedman BM, Rueda-Pedraza E, Waddell SP. The epidermal and dermal changes associated with microdermabrasion. Dermatol Surg. 2001; 27:(12)1031-1033

Freedman BM. Hydradermabrasion: an innovate modality for non-ablative facial rejuvenation. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2008; 7:(4)275-280

Haney B. Microdermabrasion.Basingstoke (UK): Springer; 2020

Iriarte C, Awosika O, Rengifo-Pardo M, Ehrlich A. Review of applications of microneedling in dermatology. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2017; 10:289-298

Karimipour DJ, Karimipour G, Orringer JS. Microdermabrasion: an evidence-based review. Plast Reconstruct Surg. 2010; 125:(1)372-377

Karimipour DJ, Ritté L, Hammerberg C Molecular analysis of aggressive microdermabrasion in photoaged skin. Arch Dermatol. 2009; 145:(10)1114-1122

Kim SJ, Baek JH, Koh JS, Bae MI, Lee SJ, Shin MK. The effect of physically applied alpha hydroxyl acids on the skin pore and comedone. Int J Cosmet Sci. 2015; 37:(5)519-525

Lee JC, Daniels MA, Roth MZ. Mesotherapy, microneedling, and chemical peels. Clin Plast Surg. 2016; 43:(3)583-595

Lee KC, Wambier CG, Soon SL, Sterling JB, Landau M, Rullan P, Brody HJ. Basic chemical peeling: superficial and medium-depth peels. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2019; 81:(2)313-324

Mujahid N, Shareef F, Maymone MBC, Vashi NA. Microneedling as a treatment for acne scarring: a systematic review. Dermatol Surg. 2020; 46:(1)86-92

O'Connor AA, Lowe PM, Shumack A, Lim AC. Chemical peels: a review of current practice. Australian J Dermatol. 2018; 59:(3)171-181

Pahwa M, Pahwa P, Zaheer A. Tram track effect after treatment of acne scars using microneedling device. Dermatol Surg. 2012; 38:(7)1107-1108

Römgens AM, Bader DL, Bouwstra JA, Baaijens FPT, Oomens CWJ. Monitoring the penetration process of single microneedles with varying tip diameters. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2014;

Shah M, Crane JS. Microdermabrasion.Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021

Shim EK, Barnette D, Hughes K, Greenway HT. Microdermabrasion: a clinical and histopathologic study. Dermatol Surg. 2001; 27:(6)524-530

Tan MH, Spencer JM, Pires LM, Ajmeri J, Skover G. The evaluation of aluminum oxide crystal microdermabrasion for photodamage. Dermatol Surg. 2001; 27:(11)943-949

Tehrani R. Microdermabrasion for striae distensae. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2006; 72:(1)

Five trending facial treatments and their relationship with skin health

02 February 2022
Volume 11 · Issue 1


Eve Casha explores five popular skin treatments and reveals the potentially detrimental long-lasting effects of each

Non-invasive aesthetic facial treatments provide viable alternatives to invasive facial treatments for rejuvenation and the correction of skin discolouration, texture, lines, wrinkles and sagging caused by photoageing, intrinsic ageing and skin conditions. They are widely available and have gained popularity in skincare regimes, as they often have minimal healing time (downtime) and discomfort and can be inexpensive. However, the desire for a youthful and ‘picture perfect’ appearance prompts many to seek ‘quick fixes’ and instant results with aggressive non-invasive facial treatments. While this approach may provide instant gratification, it can lead to adverse events and have negative consequences for skin health over time. This article aims to briefly discuss five commonly practised non-invasive facial treatments and their relationship with skin health. Specifically, it will discuss microdermabrasion, hydradermabrasion, chemical peeling, dermaplaning and microneedling.

Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive, superficial physical exfoliation procedure that removes the skin barrier (El-Domyati et al, 2016). It is used to resurface the skin and stimulate subsequent rejuvenation via wound healing responses (Shah and Crane, 2021). There are two types of microdermabrasion: crystal microdermabrasion, which involves a closed loop negative pressure system and deposition of crystals (aluminium oxide, sodium chloride, magnesium oxide or sodium bicarbonate) into the skin, and crystal-free microdermabrasion, which involves resurfacing with an abrading tip, such as diamond or bristle (Haney, 2020; Shah and Crane, 2021).

Register now to continue reading

Thank you for visiting Journal of Aesthetic Nurses and reading some of our peer-reviewed resources for aesthetic nurses. To read more, please register today. You’ll enjoy the following great benefits:

What's included

  • Limited access to clinical or professional articles

  • New content and clinical newsletter updates each month